AmoebaVdwForce
¶

class AmoebaVdwForce : public OpenMM::Force¶
This class models van der Waals forces in the AMOEBA force field. It can use either buffered 147 potential or a LennardJones 126 potential.
This class can operate in two different modes. In one mode, force field parameters are defined for each particle. When two particles interact, a combining rule is used to calculate the interaction parameters based on the parameters for the two particles. To use the class in this mode, call the version of addParticle() that takes sigma and epsilon values. It should be called once for each particle in the System.
In the other mode, each particle has a type index, and parameters are specified for each type rather than each individual particle. By default this mode also uses a combining rule, but you can override it by defining alternate parameters to use for specific pairs of particle types. To use the class in this mode, call the version of addParticle() that takes a type index. It should be called once for each particle in the System. You also must call addParticleType() once for each type. If you wish to override the combining for particular pairs of types, do so by calling addTypePair().
A unique feature of this class is that the interaction site for a particle does not need to be exactly at the particle’s location. Instead, it can be placed a fraction of the distance from that particle to another one. This is typically done for hydrogens to place the interaction site slightly closer to the parent atom. The fraction is known as the “reduction factor”, since it reduces the distance from the parent atom to the interaction site.
Support is also available for softcore interactions based on setting a per particle alchemical flag and setting the AmoebaVdwForce to use an “AlchemicalMethod” — either Decouple or Annihilate. For Decouple, two alchemical atoms interact normally. For Annihilate, all interactions involving an alchemical atom are influenced. The softcore state is specified by setting a single Context parameter “AmoebaVdwLambda” between 0.0 and 1.0.
The softcore functional form can be modified by setting the softcore power (default of 5) and the softcore alpha (default of 0,7). For more information on the softcore functional form see Eq. 2 from: Jiao, D.; Golubkov, P. A.; Darden, T. A.; Ren, P., Calculation of proteinligand binding free energy by using a polarizable potential. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008, 105 (17), 62906295. https://www.pnas.org/content/105/17/6290.
Public Types

enum NonbondedMethod¶
This is an enumeration of the different methods that may be used for handling long range nonbonded forces.
Values:

enumerator NoCutoff¶
No cutoff is applied to nonbonded interactions. The full set of N^2 interactions is computed exactly. This necessarily means that periodic boundary conditions cannot be used. This is the default.

enumerator CutoffPeriodic¶
Periodic boundary conditions are used, so that each particle interacts only with the nearest periodic copy of each other particle. Interactions beyond the cutoff distance are ignored.

enumerator NoCutoff¶

enum PotentialFunction¶
This is an enumeration of the different potential functions that can be used.
Values:

enumerator Buffered147¶
Use a buffered 147 potential. This is the default.

enumerator LennardJones¶
Use a LennardJones 126 potential.

enumerator Buffered147¶

enum AlchemicalMethod¶
This is an enumeration of the different alchemical methods used when applying softcore interactions.
Values:

enumerator None¶
All vdW interactions are treated normally. This is the default.

enumerator Decouple¶
Maintain full strength vdW interactions between two alchemical particles.

enumerator Annihilate¶
Interactions between two alchemical particles are turned off at lambda=0.

enumerator None¶
Public Functions

AmoebaVdwForce()¶
Create an Amoeba VdwForce.

inline int getNumParticles() const¶
Get the number of particles

inline int getNumParticleTypes() const¶
Get the number of particle types.

inline int getNumTypePairs() const¶
Get the number of type pairs.

void setParticleParameters(int particleIndex, int parentIndex, double sigma, double epsilon, double reductionFactor, bool isAlchemical = false, int typeIndex = 1)¶
Set the force field parameters for a vdw particle.
 Parameters
particleIndex – the particle index
parentIndex – the index of the parent particle
sigma – vdw sigma
epsilon – vdw epsilon
reductionFactor – the fraction of the distance along the line from the parent particle to this particle at which the interaction site should be placed
isAlchemical – if true, this vdW particle is undergoing an alchemical change.
typeIndex – the index of the particle type for this particle

void getParticleParameters(int particleIndex, int &parentIndex, double &sigma, double &epsilon, double &reductionFactor, bool &isAlchemical, int &typeIndex) const¶
Get the force field parameters for a vdw particle.
 Parameters
particleIndex – the particle index
parentIndex – [out] the index of the parent particle
sigma – [out] vdw sigma
epsilon – [out] vdw epsilon
reductionFactor – [out] the fraction of the distance along the line from the parent particle to this particle at which the interaction site should be placed
isAlchemical – [out] if true, this vdW particle is undergoing an alchemical change.
typeIndex – [out] the index of the particle type for this particle

int addParticle(int parentIndex, double sigma, double epsilon, double reductionFactor, bool isAlchemical = false)¶
Add the force field parameters for a vdw particle. This version is used when parameters are defined for each particle.
 Parameters
parentIndex – the index of the parent particle
sigma – vdw sigma
epsilon – vdw epsilon
reductionFactor – the fraction of the distance along the line from the parent particle to this particle at which the interaction site should be placed
isAlchemical – if true, this vdW particle is undergoing an alchemical change.
 Returns
index of added particle

int addParticle(int parentIndex, int typeIndex, double reductionFactor, bool isAlchemical = false)¶
Add the force field parameters for a vdw particle. This version is used when parameters are defined by particle type.
 Parameters
parentIndex – the index of the parent particle
typeIndex – the index of the particle type for this particle
reductionFactor – the fraction of the distance along the line from the parent particle to this particle at which the interaction site should be placed
isAlchemical – if true, this vdW particle is undergoing an alchemical change.
 Returns
index of added particle

int addParticleType(double sigma, double epsilon)¶
Add a particle type.
 Parameters
sigma – the sigma value for particles of this type
epsilon – the epsilon value for particles of this type
 Returns
the index of the particle type that was just added.

void getParticleTypeParameters(int typeIndex, double &sigma, double &epsilon) const¶
Get the force field parameters for a particle type.
 Parameters
typeIndex – the index of the particle type
sigma – [out] the sigma value for particles of this type
epsilon – [out] the epsilon value for particles of this type

void setParticleTypeParameters(int typeIndex, double sigma, double epsilon)¶
Set the force field parameters for a particle type.
 Parameters
typeIndex – the index of the particle type
sigma – the sigma value for particles of this type
epsilon – the epsilon value for particles of this type

int addTypePair(int type1, int type2, double sigma, double epsilon)¶
Add a type pair. This overrides the standard combining rule for interactions between particles of two particular types.
 Parameters
type1 – the index of the first particle type
type2 – the index of the second particle type
sigma – the sigma value for interactions between particles of these two types
epsilon – the epsilon value for interactions between particles of these two types
 Returns
the index of the type pair that was just added.

void getTypePairParameters(int pairIndex, int &type1, int &type2, double &sigma, double &epsilon) const¶
Get the force field parameters for a type pair. This overrides the standard combining rule for interactions between particles of two particular types.
 Parameters
pairIndex – the index of the type pair
type1 – [out] the index of the first particle type
type2 – [out] the index of the second particle type
sigma – [out] the sigma value for interactions between particles of these two types
epsilon – [out] the epsilon value for interactions between particles of these two types

void setTypePairParameters(int pairIndex, int type1, int type2, double sigma, double epsilon)¶
Set the force field parameters for a type pair. This overrides the standard combining rule for interactions between particles of two particular types.
 Parameters
pairIndex – the index of the type pair
type1 – the index of the first particle type
type2 – the index of the second particle type
sigma – the sigma value for interactions between particles of these two types
epsilon – the epsilon value for interactions between particles of these two types

void setSigmaCombiningRule(const std::string &sigmaCombiningRule)¶
Set sigma combining rule
 Parameters
sigmaCombiningRule – sigma combining rule: ‘ARITHMETIC’, ‘GEOMETRIC’. ‘CUBICMEAN’

const std::string &getSigmaCombiningRule(void) const¶
Get sigma combining rule
 Returns
sigmaCombiningRule sigma combining rule: ‘ARITHMETIC’, ‘GEOMETRIC’. ‘CUBICMEAN’

void setEpsilonCombiningRule(const std::string &epsilonCombiningRule)¶
Set epsilon combining rule
 Parameters
epsilonCombiningRule – epsilon combining rule: ‘ARITHMETIC’, ‘GEOMETRIC’. ‘HARMONIC’, ‘WH’, ‘HHG’

const std::string &getEpsilonCombiningRule(void) const¶
Get epsilon combining rule
 Returns
epsilonCombiningRule epsilon combining rule: ‘ARITHMETIC’, ‘GEOMETRIC’. ‘HARMONIC’, ‘WH’, ‘HHG’

inline bool getUseDispersionCorrection() const¶
Get whether to add a contribution to the energy that approximately represents the effect of VdW interactions beyond the cutoff distance. The energy depends on the volume of the periodic box, and is only applicable when periodic boundary conditions are used. When running simulations at constant pressure, adding this contribution can improve the quality of results.

inline void setUseDispersionCorrection(bool useCorrection)¶
Set whether to add a contribution to the energy that approximately represents the effect of VdW interactions beyond the cutoff distance. The energy depends on the volume of the periodic box, and is only applicable when periodic boundary conditions are used. When running simulations at constant pressure, adding this contribution can improve the quality of results.

inline bool getUseParticleTypes() const¶
Get whether parameters were specified by particle or by particle type.

void setParticleExclusions(int particleIndex, const std::vector<int> &exclusions)¶
Set exclusions for specified particle
 Parameters
particleIndex – particle index
exclusions – vector of exclusions

void getParticleExclusions(int particleIndex, std::vector<int> &exclusions) const¶
Get exclusions for specified particle
 Parameters
particleIndex – particle index
exclusions – [out] vector of exclusions

double getCutoffDistance() const¶
Get the cutoff distance (in nm) being used for nonbonded interactions. If the NonbondedMethod in use is NoCutoff, this value will have no effect.
 Returns
the cutoff distance, measured in nm

void setCutoffDistance(double distance)¶
Set the cutoff distance (in nm) being used for nonbonded interactions. If the NonbondedMethod in use is NoCutoff, this value will have no effect.
 Parameters
distance – the cutoff distance, measured in nm

void setCutoff(double cutoff)¶
Set the cutoff distance.
 Deprecated:
This method exists only for backward compatibility. Use setCutoffDistance() instead.

double getCutoff() const¶
Get the cutoff distance.
 Deprecated:
This method exists only for backward compatibility. Use getCutoffDistance() instead.

NonbondedMethod getNonbondedMethod() const¶
Get the method used for handling long range nonbonded interactions.

void setNonbondedMethod(NonbondedMethod method)¶
Set the method used for handling long range nonbonded interactions.

inline PotentialFunction getPotentialFunction() const¶
Get the potential function to use.

inline void setPotentialFunction(PotentialFunction potential)¶
Set the potential function to use.

void setSoftcorePower(int n)¶
Set the softcore power on lambda (default = 5).

int getSoftcorePower() const¶
Get the softcore power on lambda.

void setSoftcoreAlpha(double alpha)¶
Set the softcore alpha value (default = 0.7).

double getSoftcoreAlpha() const¶
Get the softcore alpha value.

AlchemicalMethod getAlchemicalMethod() const¶
Get the method used for alchemical interactions.

void setAlchemicalMethod(AlchemicalMethod method)¶
Set the method used for handling long range nonbonded interactions.

void updateParametersInContext(Context &context)¶
Update the perparticle parameters in a Context to match those stored in this Force object. This method provides an efficient method to update certain parameters in an existing Context without needing to reinitialize it. Simply call setParticleParameters() to modify this object’s parameters, then call updateParametersInContext() to copy them over to the Context.
The only information this method updates is the values of perparticle parameters. All other aspects of the Force (the nonbonded method, the cutoff distance, etc.) are unaffected and can only be changed by reinitializing the Context.

inline virtual bool usesPeriodicBoundaryConditions() const¶
Returns whether or not this force makes use of periodic boundary conditions.
 Returns
true if nonbondedMethod uses PBC and false otherwise
Public Static Functions

static inline const std::string &Lambda()¶
This is the name of the parameter which stores the current Amoeba vdW lambda value.

enum NonbondedMethod¶