VariableVerletIntegrator
¶

class VariableVerletIntegrator : public OpenMM::Integrator¶
This is an error controlled, variable time step Integrator that simulates a System using the leapfrog Verlet algorithm. It compares the result of the Verlet integrator to that of an explicit Euler integrator, takes the difference between the two as a measure of the integration error in each time step, and continuously adjusts the step size to keep the error below a specified tolerance. This both improves the stability of the integrator and allows it to take larger steps on average, while still maintaining comparable accuracy to a fixed step size integrator.
It is best not to think of the error tolerance as having any absolute meaning. It is just an adjustable parameter that affects the step size and integration accuracy. You should try different values to find the largest one that produces a trajectory sufficiently accurate for your purposes. 0.001 is often a good starting point.
Unlike a fixed step size Verlet integrator, variable step size Verlet is not symplectic. This means that at a given accuracy level, energy is not as precisely conserved over long time periods. This makes it most appropriate for constant temperate simulations. In constant energy simulations where precise energy conservation over long time periods is important, a fixed step size Verlet integrator may be more appropriate.
You can optionally set a maximum step size it will ever use. This is useful to prevent it from taking excessively large steps in usual situations, such as when the system is right at a local energy minimum.
Public Functions

explicit VariableVerletIntegrator(double errorTol)¶
Create a VariableVerletIntegrator.
 Parameters
errorTol – the error tolerance

inline double getErrorTolerance() const¶
Get the error tolerance.

void setErrorTolerance(double tol)¶
Set the error tolerance.

inline double getMaximumStepSize() const¶
Get the maximum step size the integrator will ever use, in ps. If this is 0 (the default), no limit will be applied to step sizes.

void setMaximumStepSize(double size)¶
Set the maximum step size the integrator will ever use, in ps. If this is 0 (the default), no limit will be applied to step sizes.

virtual void step(int steps)¶
Advance a simulation through time by taking a series of time steps.
 Parameters
steps – the number of time steps to take

void stepTo(double time)¶
Advance a simulation through time by taking a series of steps until a specified time is reached. When this method returns, the simulation time will exactly equal the time which was specified. If you call this method and specify a time that is earlier than the current time, it will return without doing anything.
 Parameters
time – the time to which the simulation should be advanced

explicit VariableVerletIntegrator(double errorTol)¶